Problems of Beckett’s Early Poetics

José Francisco Fernández

Resumo


Samuel Beckett’s first novel, Dream of Fair to Middling Women, has been generally defined since its publication in 1992 as Beckett’s conscious
departure from the narrative tradition in the West. Critics have pointed out the novel’s disregard for unity, the absence of a central plan, the range of unstable characters or the undermining authorial interventions. The object of this essay is to extend the argument further by examining Dream in terms of Mikhail Bakhtin’s ideas on the novel, as they were exposed in Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. I will try to argue that Dream corresponds to the dismantling of an ideal in narrative art, defined by Bakhtin as the polyphonic novel. I will also highlight the features that make of Dream an anti-text in which the Irish writer explored the limits of the relationships he could have with his readers.


Palavras-chave


Samuel Beckett; Poetics; Mikhail Bakhtin.

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Referências


Bakhtin, Mikhail. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Minneapolis and London: Univeristy of Minnesota Press, 1984.

______. The Dialogic Imagination. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.

Beckett, Samuel. Dream of Fair to Middling Women. Dublin: The Black Cat Press, 1992.

Bouchard, Norma. “Rereading Beckett’s Dream of Fair to Middling Women.” Samuel Beckett: Crossroads and Borderlines. L’oeuvre Carrefour/L’oeuvre Limite. Ed. Marius Buning, Matthijs Engelberts and Sjef Houppermans. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi. 137-147.

Gontarski, S. E. “The Cézanne of the Printed Page.” American Book Review 12.6 (Jan.-Mar. 1994): 20-30.

Green, David D. “Beckett’s Dream. More Niente than Bel,” Journal of Beckett Studies, 5.1&2 (1996): 67-80.

Holquist, Michael. Dialogism. Bakhtin and his World, 1990, London, Routledge, 1994.

Iser, Wolfgang. The Implied Reader. Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett. 1974. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Knowlson, James. Damned to Fame: The Life of Samuel Beckett. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Lodge, David. After Bakhtin: Essays on Fiction and criticism. Routledge, London, England – 1990.

Lynch, Mary. “In This Behold Me.” Studies: An Irish Review (Spring 1999): 61-68.

Pattie, David. The Complete Critical Guide to Samuel Beckett. London and New York: Routledge. date

Pilling, John. Beckett Before Godot. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Tajiri, Yoshiki. “An Introduction to Beckett’s Dream of Fair to Middling Women.” Hitotsubashi Journal of Arts and Sciences 35.1 (Dec. 1994): 71-83.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37389/abei.v13i0.3629

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Direitos autorais 2020 José Francisco Fernández

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