A concordância verbal no português falado em Salvador: uma realidade linguística bipolarizada

Constância Borges Souza

Resumo


This paper aims to analyze the relationship between
verbal agreement variation and the formation process of Brazilian Portuguese. Although a changeable phenomenon, verbal and nominal agreement are related to social expectations and not following the perceived correct form has a negative connotation in dominant society. On the basis of the Souza’s thesis (2009), this paper attempts to explain the verbal agreement variation in the Portuguese spoken in Salvador (Bahia State, Brazil), through analysis of linguistic factors (internal to the language) and social factors (external to the language). Each of these factors determines the presence or absence of flexional marks in verbs. The theoretical basis for this research is Labov’s theory of variation (1972, 1982, 1994), and the concept of irregular linguistic transmission, as argued by Lucchesi (2000, 2001), as well as other studies based on a sociolinguistics approach. The study of the phenomenon of verbal agreement variation in vernacular speech in Salvador indicates that Brazilian Portuguese was formed in a bipolarized linguistic situation, with formal language on one side and vernacular on the other (LUCCHESI, 2001, 2002). This study, analyzes a sample of a survey from the Programa de Estudos do Português Popular Falado em Salvador (Program for the Study of Vernacular Portuguese Spoken in Salvador - PEPP/SSA) and from the Programa Norma Urbana Culta de Salvador (Program of Standard Language of Salvador-NURC). Uncommon in vernacular speech, the verbal agreement is a changeable rule used by educated speakers because of pressure in schools and requirements of the job market.

Palavras-chave


Brazilian Portuguese, linguistic variation and change, languages and contact, verbal agreement

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PAPIA

Revista Brasileira de Estudos do Contato Linguístico

e-ISSN: 2316-2767

ISSN: 0103-9415 (da versão impressa, descontinuada)

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