A alternância dativa no português afro-brasileiro: um processo de reestruturação original da gramática

Dante Lucchesi, Camila Mello

Resumo


This article is concerned with the feature of dative alternation in Afro-Brazilian Portuguese in which there are two structural options for the expression of the dative: the prepositioned construction (Dei os remédios aos meninos ‘I gave the medicine to the children’) and the double object construction (Dei os meninos o remédio ‘I gave the children the medicine’). The latter construction is not found in the romance languages, which only have the prepositioned dative. The empirical basis for the study comes from a sociolinguistic analysis of this aspect of the grammar in four isolated Afro-Brazilian rural communities in the interior of Bahia State. The analytical framework is based on accounts of dative alternation in English and in Creole languages. The double object construction is widespread in Creole languages, and its emergence may be correlated with their creation through the process of irregular linguistic transmission resulting from contact between languages. Thus, the presence of dative alternation in Afro-Brazilian Portuguese reveals a dimension of the radical nature of sociolinguistic polarization in Brazil and constitutes irrefutable evidence of the role of language contact in the formation of the popular varieties of Brazilian Portuguese.


Palavras-chave


alternância dativa, português afro-brasileiro, polarização sociolingüística, contato entre línguas, transmissão lingüística irregular, análise quantitativa

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PAPIA

Revista Brasileira de Estudos do Contato Linguístico

e-ISSN: 2316-2767

ISSN: 0103-9415 (da versão impressa, descontinuada)

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